A septic system works as a mini sewage treatment facility mostly built on homes located on areas wherein access to local sewage system is quite complicated. While most are made to last a lifetime, improper septic tank maintenance can lead to damage and early malfunction of the septic system. Thus important points must be remembered to keep an efficient septic tank system.
The following are the most important points in proper care.
–Controlling water input
Water input may seem to have no effect in everyday use. However, too much water going down the tank may cause significant problems. Overloading the tank with water may slow down the anaerobic digestion process in the system that makes effective. Overflows on the drain field or seepage field may happen that may include floating scum other than the liquids inside the tank that may further cause health and environmental problems.
–Chemicals Not To Flush or Pour Down The Drain
Bleach used in cleaning the kitchen sink and bathroom go down the drains to the tank and may be quite detrimental to the system. Though may seems harmless, it hinders the natural biological decomposition process inside. The use of more modern oxygen-based bleach for cleaning is recommended. Bleachers and other highly concentrated chemicals, as well as solvents, paints, grease and other inorganic chemicals such as pesticides, can cause damage to the tank’s components.
–Use of Natural Bacterial Septic Tank Additives
Contrary to popular belief, chemicals such as bleach should not be used. Proper care includes adding natural bacteria into the tank. It increases its effectiveness in breaking down the wastes material. By increasing the natural biological activity in the reservoir, it can reverse a failing system into a healthier waste management system.
–Solid waste control
While organic solid wastes can be decomposed by the anaerobic bacteria present in the waste system, it is not recommended to flush them down the drain for better operations. The decomposition process takes time, and excessive solid waste accumulation may lead to early filling out of tank since the decay of these solids may not cope up with the waste input. The disposal of non-organic solid wastes into the reservoir may not only aggravate the situation but may give rise to more severe problems such as pipe blockages and failure.
–Periodic septic tank inspection
While this may only be necessary every several years, it is important nevertheless to avoid unexpected problems occurring to the system. Depending on the capacity of the tank, periodic septic tank maintenance procedures must include inspection of the overall septic tank system. It should include checking levels of accumulated solids, floating scum and the water being discharged by the system to the drain field.
Understanding the above items and applying them in everyday use may lead to more efficient septic tank. Proper septic tank care may not seem important to most homeowners since its functions are well hidden in the household, however, if willfully neglected may lead the owner to suffer costly repairs, as well as health and environmental issues.